How Long Does It Take to Train a Dog to Be a Therapy Dog?

The bond between humans and dogs has been a remarkable and enduring one throughout history. Dogs have played many roles in our lives, from loyal companions to dedicated working partners. 

One of the most remarkable roles dogs can assume is that of a therapy dog. These specially trained canines provide emotional support, comfort, and companionship to people in various settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and rehabilitation centers. 

However, training a dog to become a therapy dog is not a quick or simple process. In this article, we will explore the journey of training a therapy dog and answer the question: How long does it take to train a dog to be a therapy dog?

Understanding the Role of a Therapy Dog

Before delving into the training process, it’s essential to understand what a therapy dog does and the impact they have on people’s lives.

A therapy dog is not a service dog or an emotional support animal (ESA). While all three serve crucial roles, therapy dogs have a specific mission: to provide emotional support to individuals in various settings. 

They do not have the same legal rights and privileges as service dogs, which are trained to assist people with disabilities in their daily tasks.

The primary responsibilities of a therapy dog include:

  1. Offering comfort and emotional support to individuals facing physical or emotional challenges.
  2. Easing stress and anxiety.
  3. Providing a sense of companionship and connection.
  4. Promoting social interaction.

Therapy dogs work with a diverse range of people, from patients in hospitals to students in schools. They help reduce feelings of isolation and improve the overall well-being of those they interact with.

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The Right Candidate for Therapy Dog Training

Not all dogs are suitable candidates for therapy dog training. The following characteristics are essential when selecting a dog for this role:

Temperament: The dog should have a calm, friendly, and well-balanced temperament. Aggressive or overly anxious dogs are not suitable for therapy work.

Socialization: The dog should be well-socialized and comfortable around people of all ages, backgrounds, and physical conditions.

Obedience: A good foundation in basic obedience commands (sit, stay, come, etc.) is crucial for therapy dog candidates.

Health: The dog should be in good physical health, up-to-date on vaccinations, and free from contagious diseases.

Age: While there is no specific age requirement, most therapy dogs start their training at around one year of age when they are more mentally mature.

The Training Process

Training a dog to become a therapy dog is a structured and ongoing process. It typically involves the following steps:

Basic Obedience Training: Before diving into therapy-specific training, the dog should master basic obedience commands. This foundation helps ensure the dog’s safety and reliability in different environments.

Canine Good Citizen (CGC) Certification: Many therapy dog programs require dogs to pass the CGC test, which evaluates their behavior in various situations. This certification is often a prerequisite for therapy dog training.

Specialized Therapy Dog Training: Therapy dog training builds upon 

basic obedience skills and includes exposure to various environments and situations where therapy dogs may work. Training often covers areas such as proper interactions with strangers, staying calm in unfamiliar settings, and being comfortable with medical equipment.

Supervised Visits: During training, dogs go on supervised visits to actual 

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therapy settings. This allows them to practice their skills and adapt to the unique challenges they may encounter.

Handler Training: Therapy dog handlers (owners) also receive training to understand their role and responsibilities during therapy visits. This includes knowing how to manage the dog’s interactions and maintain a safe and positive environment.

The Duration of Training

The length of time it takes to train a dog to be a therapy dog can vary widely. Several factors influence the training duration:

Individual Dog’s Characteristics: Some dogs may naturally possess the temperament and skills needed for therapy work, while others may require more time to develop these qualities.

Training Program: The training program’s structure and intensity play a significant role. Some dogs complete therapy dog training in a few months, while others may take a year or more.

Consistency: Consistent and regular training sessions are essential for progress. Dogs that receive consistent training tend to become therapy-ready more quickly.

Handler’s Dedication: The handler’s commitment to the training process is vital. A handler who actively participates in training and follows recommendations can expedite the process.

Age of the Dog: Younger dogs may take longer to mature mentally and emotionally, which can affect their readiness for therapy work.

In general, it is reasonable to expect therapy dog training to take anywhere from 6 months to 1 year. However, this estimate can vary based on the factors mentioned above.

The Evaluation and Certification Process

Once a dog has completed its training, it must undergo an evaluation to determine if it is ready to become a certified therapy dog. This evaluation typically includes:

Behavioral Assessment: The dog’s behavior is assessed in various real-life scenarios, including interactions with strangers, exposure to medical equipment, and the ability to remain calm in unfamiliar environments.

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Handler’s Abilities: The handler’s ability to manage the dog during therapy visits is also evaluated.

Health Check: The dog’s health and vaccinations are reviewed to ensure it is safe to work with vulnerable populations.

Once the dog successfully passes the evaluation, it receives certification, and the handler can begin scheduling therapy visits.

Ongoing Training and Commitment

Becoming a therapy dog is not the end of the journey; it’s the beginning of a long-term commitment. Ongoing training and regular visits are essential to maintaining the dog’s skills and readiness. Therapy dogs and their handlers must:

  1. Continue training sessions to reinforce good behavior and learn new skills.
  2. Attend regular therapy visits to provide emotional support to those in need.
  3. Stay updated on health check-ups and vaccinations.
  4. Be prepared to adapt to different environments and situations.


Training a dog to become a therapy dog is a rewarding but time-consuming process. It requires a dog with the right temperament, a dedicated handler, and a structured training program. 

While the duration of training can vary, most dogs can become certified therapy dogs within 6 months to a year of consistent and focused training. 

The impact that these remarkable animals have on the lives of those they serve makes the journey well worth the effort. 

In the end, the question of “How long does it take to train a dog to be a therapy dog?” is secondary to the incredible support and comfort therapy dogs provide to those in need.