Why Is My Dog Resource Guarding My Bed? Reasons

As a dog owner, you may have encountered a common behavioral issue known as resource guarding. This behavior manifests when a dog becomes possessive over a particular item or space, displaying protective and defensive behaviors. 

One of the most perplexing situations is when a dog exhibits resource guarding behavior specifically towards your bed. In this article, we will explore the possible reasons why your dog may be resource guarding your bed and provide helpful insights and solutions to address this issue.

Understanding Resource Guarding

Resource guarding is an instinctive behavior that dogs display to protect valuable resources, which can include food, toys, or specific locations such as beds or couches. 

Dogs perceive these resources as highly valuable and may resort to aggressive or possessive behaviors to maintain control over them.

Why Dogs Resource Guard Beds

Denning Instincts: Dogs have inherited the instinct to find safe and secure areas to rest. They see beds as their personal dens and may display resource guarding behavior to protect their sleeping space. It provides them with a sense of security and ownership.

Territorial Behavior: Dogs are territorial creatures, and they often consider specific areas within the house, such as the bed, as their territory. 

Resource guarding may occur if they perceive a potential threat to their territory or if they feel their position within the pack hierarchy is being challenged.

Scent Marking: Dogs have scent glands in their paws, and by resource guarding your bed, they can mark it with their scent. This behavior serves as a way to communicate ownership and territorial boundaries to other animals.

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Anxiety or Insecurity: Some dogs may develop resource guarding behavior due to underlying anxiety or insecurity issues. 

If they feel threatened or uncertain about their place in the family hierarchy, they may resort to guarding their resources, including the bed, as a way to cope with their emotional state.

Lack of Training and Boundaries: In some cases, dogs may resource guard the bed simply because they have never been taught appropriate boundaries or manners. Without clear guidance, they may believe that guarding the bed is an acceptable behavior.

Addressing Resource Guarding:

Consult a Professional: If your dog’s resource guarding behavior is severe, persistent, or accompanied by aggression, it is crucial to consult with a professional dog behaviorist or trainer. 

They can assess your dog’s behavior, provide personalized guidance, and create a behavior modification plan tailored to your dog’s needs.

Train Basic Obedience and Desensitization: Work on basic obedience commands such as “sit,” “stay,” and “leave it.” Teaching these commands will help establish your leadership and reinforce your dog’s understanding of boundaries. 

Additionally, gradually desensitizing your dog to people approaching the bed and rewarding calm behavior can help reduce guarding tendencies.

Counterconditioning: Counterconditioning involves changing your dog’s emotional response to a specific trigger, in this case, the bed. 

Start by associating positive experiences with the bed, such as treats, toys, or praise, gradually helping your dog associate the bed with positive emotions rather than defensiveness.

Create a Safe and Comfortable Space: Provide your dog with an alternative, comfortable sleeping area, such as a dog bed or crate, where they feel secure. 

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Make this space appealing by placing their favorite toys, blankets, or treats nearby. Ensuring they have a cozy space of their own will minimize the need to guard your bed.

Establish a Routine: Dogs thrive on routine and predictability. Establishing a consistent daily routine for feeding, exercise, and rest will help alleviate anxiety and provide a sense of security. 

A predictable routine will also reduce the likelihood of resource guarding behaviors.


Resource guarding of the bed can be a challenging behavior to address, but with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement, it is possible to modify this behavior. 

Understanding the reasons behind your dog’s resource guarding tendencies and implementing appropriate training and behavior modification techniques can help your dog feel more secure and reduce their need to guard the bed. 

Remember to seek professional guidance if needed, as they can provide invaluable assistance in resolving this issue and improving your relationship with your furry friend.