Why Do Dobermans Have to Cut Their Tails? Reasons

The elegant and powerful Doberman Pinscher is a breed known for its loyalty, intelligence, and striking appearance. One distinctive feature of this breed that often raises questions is their cropped ears and docked tails. 

While the practice of ear cropping has diminished in recent years due to ethical concerns, tail docking is still prevalent in many Doberman communities. 

In this article, we delve into the history, reasons, controversies, and potential effects of tail docking in Dobermans. We’ll explore whether this practice is a necessity, a tradition, or an outdated concept that warrants reconsideration.

A Brief History of Tail Docking

Tail docking, the surgical removal of a portion of a dog’s tail, dates back centuries and was originally performed for practical reasons. In the case of working breeds like Dobermans, tail docking was believed to prevent injuries during strenuous activities such as hunting, herding, and guarding.

Over time, the rationale shifted towards aesthetics, with certain breeds, including Dobermans, having docked tails to adhere to breed standards and achieve a sleeker appearance.

The Controversy Surrounding Tail Docking

In recent decades, tail docking has faced significant criticism from animal welfare organizations, veterinarians, and the general public. The primary concern revolves around the ethical implications of performing a surgical procedure on a dog solely for cosmetic reasons. 

Many argue that dogs have the right to their natural features and that altering their appearance through surgical means is both unnecessary and potentially harmful. Proponents of tail docking contend that the procedure is performed early in a puppy’s life when their nervous system is not fully developed, leading to reduced pain and stress. 

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However, opponents counter that any surgical procedure carries inherent risks, including infection, pain, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Additionally, the argument that tail docking prevents future injuries lacks concrete scientific evidence, further fueling the debate.

The Role of Breed Standards

Breed standards established by kennel clubs and breed associations have played a significant role in perpetuating tail docking practices. These standards outline the ideal physical characteristics of a breed, including tail length and carriage.

In the case of Dobermans, the American Kennel Club (AKC) and other major breed organizations have historically required docked tails to conform to the breed standard. However, there has been a notable shift in recent years, with some kennel clubs revising their standards to accommodate natural tails. 

This shift reflects a growing acknowledgment of the ethical concerns and changing attitudes towards cosmetic alterations in animals. Nevertheless, the transition has been gradual, and tail docking remains a common practice among Doberman enthusiasts.

Health and Behavioral Implications

Advocates of tail docking often claim that it prevents certain health issues, such as tail injuries and infections. However, research on these claims is limited, and many veterinarians argue that a properly cared-for natural tail poses no higher risk of injury or infection than a docked one.

In fact, tails serve essential functions for dogs. 

They are used for balance, communication, and expression of emotions. Removing a part of the tail could potentially impact a dog’s ability to interact with its environment and fellow canines. Additionally, recent studies have suggested a link between tail docking and behavioral issues, including anxiety and difficulty in interpreting social cues.

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The Changing Landscape and Future Considerations

As society becomes more conscious of animal welfare and ethical considerations, the practice of tail docking faces increased scrutiny. The decline in tail docking can be attributed to changing perceptions, increased awareness, and a desire to prioritize the well-being of dogs over traditional aesthetics.

In response to the evolving landscape, breed clubs and kennel organizations are reevaluating their standards and encouraging breeders to embrace natural tails. This shift highlights a broader movement towards recognizing dogs as sentient beings deserving of respect and consideration for their natural features.


The debate surrounding tail docking in Dobermans encapsulates a complex interplay of tradition, aesthetics, ethics, and animal well-being. While the practice has historical roots and has been endorsed by breed standards for decades, the tide is turning as society becomes more attuned to the needs and rights of animals. 

The future of tail docking remains uncertain, but the conversation it sparks is a testament to our growing compassion and understanding of the animals that share our lives.