What Are the Disadvantages of Therapy Dogs?

Therapy dogs have earned their place as beloved companions in various therapeutic settings, from hospitals and nursing homes to schools and disaster relief efforts. 

These four-legged heroes bring smiles, comfort, and solace to those in need, fostering emotional well-being and healing. 

However, like any well-intentioned initiative, therapy dogs also come with their set of disadvantages and challenges that often remain hidden beneath the surface. 

In this article, we will explore the disadvantages of therapy dogs, shedding light on aspects that deserve consideration in the broader discussion of their role in therapy.

Allergies and Sensitivities

One of the most overlooked disadvantages of therapy dogs is the potential for allergies and sensitivities among clients and staff. 

While therapy dogs undergo rigorous training and grooming, some individuals may still be allergic to pet dander or saliva. 

In healthcare settings, where patients may already have compromised immune systems, exposure to allergens can lead to discomfort and even medical complications. 

It’s essential for therapy dog programs to have protocols in place for managing and preventing allergic reactions.

Risk of Injury

Therapy dogs are typically friendly and well-behaved, but they are still animals with instincts that can occasionally lead to unexpected behaviors. There is always a slight risk of a therapy dog biting or scratching a client, particularly if the dog is stressed, frightened, or provoked. 

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This risk underscores the importance of thorough training and continuous monitoring of therapy dogs in all settings to minimize potential harm.

Spread of Infections

In healthcare facilities, therapy dogs have the potential to transmit infections between patients. Despite regular check-ups and vaccinations, dogs can carry and transmit bacteria or viruses, which is particularly concerning in environments where patients have weakened immune systems. 

Proper hygiene practices and stringent infection control measures must be in place to reduce this risk.

Fear and Anxiety in Some Patients

While therapy dogs can provide comfort and support to many individuals, there are those who may have an innate fear of dogs or have experienced traumatic events involving dogs in the past. 

For such patients, the presence of a therapy dog can cause anxiety, stress, or even panic attacks. It is crucial for therapy dog programs to have sensitivity to these situations and offer alternative forms of therapy when necessary.

Maintenance Costs

Owning and caring for a therapy dog comes with substantial financial responsibilities. From food and grooming to veterinary care and training, the costs add up quickly. 

In therapy programs operating on tight budgets, this can be a significant challenge. Ensuring the welfare of the therapy dog without compromising the program’s sustainability requires careful financial planning.

Burnout and Stress on Dogs

Therapy dogs work tirelessly to provide emotional support to those in need, but this can take a toll on their physical and mental health. The constant exposure to different environments, people, and emotions can lead to stress and burnout in therapy dogs. 

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Recognizing the signs of burnout and ensuring adequate rest and care for these animals is crucial to maintaining their effectiveness and well-being.

Inconsistent Regulations

The regulations governing therapy dog programs can vary widely from one location to another, leading to inconsistency in standards and qualifications for therapy dogs and their handlers. 

This lack of uniformity can result in varying levels of safety and effectiveness in therapy dog programs. Advocates for therapy dog programs should push for more standardized regulations to ensure the highest level of care and professionalism.

Limited Availability

Despite their growing popularity, therapy dogs are not universally accessible. Many regions and facilities lack the resources or infrastructure to implement therapy dog programs, leaving some individuals without the opportunity to benefit from this form of therapy. 

Expanding the availability of therapy dogs to underserved communities and facilities should be a priority.

Ethical Considerations

The use of therapy dogs raises ethical questions about the autonomy and consent of clients, especially in healthcare settings. Some individuals may feel pressured to interact with therapy dogs, even if they are not comfortable doing so. 

Respecting the preferences and boundaries of clients while still providing the option for therapy dog interaction is a delicate balance that must be maintained.


Therapy dogs undoubtedly offer numerous advantages in various therapeutic settings, but it’s essential to acknowledge and address the disadvantages that can accompany their presence. 

From allergies and potential injuries to ethical concerns and the well-being of the dogs themselves, a comprehensive understanding of these issues is crucial for optimizing the effectiveness and safety of therapy dog programs. 

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By taking a proactive approach in managing these disadvantages, we can ensure that therapy dogs continue to make a positive impact on the lives of those they serve while minimizing potential risks.