Is it Too Late to Train My Dog to Be a Therapy Dog?

In a world where stress and anxiety seem to be ever on the rise, therapy dogs have emerged as a source of comfort and solace for many. 

These furry companions are not just loyal friends; they also possess the unique ability to provide emotional support and promote mental well-being. 

If you’ve ever thought about turning your beloved canine into a therapy dog, you might wonder if there’s a time limit on when you can start this training. 

Is it too late to train your dog to be a therapy dog? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of therapy dog training, shedding light on whether age plays a significant role in the process.

Understanding the Role of a Therapy Dog

Before we delve into whether it’s too late to train your dog as a therapy dog, let’s understand what this role entails. A therapy dog is not the same as a service dog or an emotional support animal. Each serves a distinct purpose:

Service dogs are trained to perform specific tasks to assist people with disabilities, such as guiding the blind, alerting those with hearing impairments, or providing physical support to individuals with mobility issues.

Emotional support animals provide comfort and companionship to individuals with emotional or psychological conditions. 

They aren’t necessarily trained to perform specific tasks but can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, and other mental health challenges.

Therapy dogs are different; they’re trained to provide comfort, companionship, and affection to people in various settings. 

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These settings can include hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and disaster-stricken areas. The primary goal of therapy dogs is to boost the emotional well-being of the people they interact with.

The Right Age for Therapy Dog Training

The notion that you can only train a therapy dog from a young age is a common misconception. While it’s true that starting early can be advantageous, it’s not the only path to success. 

Dogs of various ages, breeds, and backgrounds can potentially become therapy dogs with the right training and temperament.

Puppies as Therapy Dog Candidates

Puppies indeed have a developmental advantage when it comes to therapy dog training. Their brains are like sponges, readily absorbing new information and experiences. 

Additionally, puppies are often easier to socialize, which is a critical aspect of therapy dog work. Introducing them to various people, places, and situations during their early months can set a strong foundation for their future roles as therapy dogs.

Adult Dogs Can Learn New Tricks

If you have an adult dog, don’t be disheartened. Dogs are capable of learning new behaviors and adapting to different situations throughout their lives. 

While it might take a bit more time and patience to train an older dog, it’s by no means impossible. In fact, adult dogs often have the advantage of being calmer and more composed, which can be highly beneficial when working in therapeutic settings.

The Importance of Temperament

Regardless of your dog’s age, one of the most critical factors in therapy dog training is temperament. A dog’s temperament refers to their disposition, behavior, and emotional responses to various situations. The ideal therapy dog possesses specific traits, including:

  • Calmness: A therapy dog should remain composed and relaxed in stressful or chaotic environments.
  • Sociability: They should be friendly, approachable, and enjoy interacting with a variety of people.
  • Empathy: A good therapy dog can sense the emotional needs of individuals and provide comfort accordingly.
  • Obedience: Basic obedience commands, such as sit, stay, and come, are essential for ensuring the dog can be controlled in different situations.
  • Patience: Therapy dogs should be able to tolerate unusual or unpredictable behavior from the people they’re helping.
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If your dog exhibits these traits, regardless of their age, they may be a suitable candidate for therapy dog training.

The Training Process

Therapy dog training involves several key steps, regardless of your dog’s age. These steps include:

Basic Obedience Training: Every therapy dog must have a solid foundation in basic obedience commands. This includes commands like sit, stay, come, and leave it.

Socialization: Socializing your dog with different people, animals, and environments is crucial. This helps them become comfortable and confident in various situations.

Temperament Evaluation: Many therapy dog programs require a temperament evaluation to assess your dog’s suitability for the role. This evaluation often includes observing how your dog interacts with strangers and reacts to unexpected situations.

Specialized Training: Depending on the therapy dog program and the specific setting in which your dog will work, they may need additional training. For example, therapy dogs visiting hospitals might need to be trained to handle medical equipment and stay calm in clinical settings.

Certification: Once your dog completes the necessary training and evaluations, they may become certified as a therapy dog through a recognized organization.

Choosing the Right Training Program

When embarking on the journey to train your dog as a therapy dog, it’s essential to choose the right training program or organization. 

These programs can provide guidance, support, and certification. Some popular organizations that offer therapy dog training include:

Therapy Dogs International (TDI): TDI is a well-known organization that provides training and certification for therapy dogs. They offer various programs and resources for aspiring therapy dog handlers.

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Pet Partners: Pet Partners is another reputable organization that focuses on the human-animal bond. They offer therapy animal training and certification.

Local Organizations: Depending on your location, there may be local organizations that provide therapy dog training. These can be valuable resources for personalized training and support.


In summary, it’s not too late to train your dog to be a therapy dog, regardless of their age. While starting with a puppy can have advantages, adult dogs can also excel in this role with the right temperament and training. 

The key is to assess your dog’s suitability, focus on their temperament, and provide them with the necessary training and socialization. 

With dedication and effort, you and your canine companion can make a positive impact on the lives of those in need of emotional support and comfort through therapy dog work. 

Remember that every dog is unique, and what matters most is the genuine connection and empathy they can offer to those they serve.