Does Sleeping with a Dog Increase Separation Anxiety?

For many dog owners, sharing the bed with their furry companions is a common and cherished practice. 

The warmth, comfort, and sense of security that comes from sleeping together can strengthen the bond between human and canine. 

However, concerns have been raised regarding whether co-sleeping with dogs can potentially contribute to separation anxiety in dogs when they are separated from their owners. 

In this article, we will delve into the topic to determine if there is a correlation between sleeping with dogs and increased separation anxiety.

Understanding Separation Anxiety in Dogs

Before examining the relationship between co-sleeping and separation anxiety, it is essential to understand what separation anxiety is and how it affects dogs. 

Separation anxiety is a behavioral condition characterized by excessive distress, fear, and anxiety experienced by dogs when they are separated from their owners or left alone. 

Common symptoms include destructive behavior, excessive barking or howling, urinating or defecating indoors, pacing, and other signs of extreme distress.

Exploring the Bond Between Humans and Dogs

The bond between humans and dogs is a unique and profound one. Dogs are social animals, and over thousands of years, they have evolved to form strong attachments to their human counterparts. 

This bond is built on trust, companionship, and emotional support, making dogs highly attuned to their owners’ emotions. Sleeping together can further strengthen this bond by promoting feelings of safety, comfort, and security.

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Potential Benefits of Co-Sleeping

Co-sleeping with dogs has been found to have several potential benefits for both humans and canines. Firstly, it can alleviate feelings of loneliness and provide a sense of security for both parties involved. 

Sleeping in close proximity can also help regulate body temperature and heart rate, leading to a better quality of sleep for both humans and dogs. 

Additionally, sharing a bed can enhance the emotional bond and deepen the sense of trust between the owner and their furry companion.

The Correlation Between Co-Sleeping and Separation Anxiety

While co-sleeping has numerous advantages, concerns have arisen about whether it may contribute to separation anxiety in dogs. 

However, it is important to note that separation anxiety is a complex issue that can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, early experiences, and individual temperament. Co-sleeping alone may not be the sole cause of separation anxiety.

Experts suggest that the correlation between co-sleeping and separation anxiety may be attributed to the reinforcing effect it has on a dog’s attachment to its owner. 

Dogs that are accustomed to sleeping with their owners may become overly dependent on their presence, leading to heightened anxiety when they are separated. 

The constant proximity and reliance on the owner’s presence can impede the development of independent coping skills, potentially exacerbating separation anxiety.

Addressing Separation Anxiety in Dogs

If you suspect that your dog may be experiencing separation anxiety, there are various strategies you can implement to help alleviate their distress. 

Gradual desensitization and counterconditioning techniques can be employed to help your dog become more comfortable with being alone. 

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These methods involve gradually increasing the duration of separation, providing positive reinforcement, and engaging in activities that promote mental stimulation and relaxation.

Creating a Safe Space

To promote independence and reduce separation anxiety, it is important to create a safe and secure environment for your dog. 

This can include providing a comfortable crate or designated area where they can retreat to when left alone. 

Additionally, leaving interactive toys, puzzle feeders, and engaging in regular exercise can help redirect your dog’s focus and provide mental stimulation, reducing anxiety in their absence.

Establishing Healthy Sleep Habits

If you choose to continue co-sleeping with your dog, it is important to establish healthy sleep habits that foster a balanced relationship. 

This can include setting boundaries, such as designated areas on the bed or establishing consistent bedtime routines. 

By creating structure and clear expectations, you can help your dog develop a sense of security while maintaining their independence.


The relationship between co-sleeping and separation anxiety in dogs is a complex and multifaceted topic. While some dogs may develop separation anxiety as a result of co-sleeping, it is crucial to recognize that various factors contribute to this behavioral condition. 

Co-sleeping alone may not be the primary cause, but it can reinforce attachment and dependency, potentially leading to heightened distress when separated. 

As responsible pet owners, it is essential to consider individual dog needs and employ strategies to promote independence, mental stimulation, and emotional well-being.