Are Border Collies Verbal? Facts you must Know

Border Collies have long been renowned for their exceptional intelligence, agility, and herding abilities. But what about their verbal communication skills? Can these remarkable dogs truly be considered verbal beings? In this article, we delve into the fascinating world of Border Collies and their capacity for verbal communication.

From barks and whines to body language, we’ll explore the various ways these dogs express themselves and interact with humans and other animals.

The Verbal Spectrum of Border Collies

When we think of verbal communication, we often envision words and sentences. However, for dogs like Border Collies, whose primary mode of communication is nonverbal, it’s essential to broaden our understanding of what “verbal” really means.

Border Collies excel at using a combination of vocalizations, body language, and gestures to convey their thoughts, emotions, and needs.

Vocalizations: Barks, Whines, and Beyond

Border Collies are not typically known for being excessively vocal like some other breeds, such as the Beagle or the Siberian Husky. However, this doesn’t mean they lack vocal expression altogether. Border Collies use barking and whining to communicate a variety of messages.

Alertness and Protection: When a Border Collie barks persistently, it might be alerting its owner to potential intruders or disturbances. This natural instinct harks back to their herding origins, where alerting the shepherd to the presence of predators was crucial for protecting the flock.

Excitement and Playfulness: Just as a child might laugh or giggle when excited, a Border Collie might let out high-pitched barks or whines to express its enthusiasm for playtime, walks, or other enjoyable activities.

See also  How Long Will My Dog Wait to Eat Me? Explained

Expressing Needs: A Border Collie might use different types of vocalizations to indicate its needs. A short, insistent bark could signal a desire to go outside, while a softer whine might indicate hunger or thirst.

Nonverbal Communication: Reading Body Language

While Border Collies might not rely heavily on words, their body language is an intricate and nuanced form of communication.

Tail Wagging: The position and speed of a Border Collie’s tail can reveal a lot about its mood. A fast wagging tail usually signifies excitement, while a low, slow wag could indicate uncertainty or submissiveness.

Eye Contact: Direct eye contact can convey a variety of messages. A soft, relaxed gaze might signify trust and affection, while intense staring might be a sign of alertness or curiosity.

Ears: Border Collies have highly expressive ears that can tilt, perk up, or flatten against their heads. Raised ears generally suggest attentiveness, while flattened ears could indicate fear or submission.

Posture: Just like humans, a Border Collie’s posture speaks volumes. An arched back and raised hackles might signal defensiveness, while a relaxed, loose posture indicates comfort and contentment.

Gestures: Border Collies might use various gestures, such as pawing at a toy to initiate play or nudging a person’s hand to ask for affection.

Cognitive Understanding of Verbal Commands

Border Collies’ intelligence is legendary, and this extends to their ability to understand and respond to verbal commands.

Vocabulary: These dogs can learn an extensive vocabulary of words and phrases, associating each with a specific action. “Sit,” “stay,” “fetch,” and “come” are just a few examples of commands that Border Collies can easily learn and execute.

See also  Do Dogs Sleep When Owners Are Gone? What to Expect

Tone of Voice: Border Collies are sensitive to the tone of human voices, often understanding not only the words but also the emotions behind them. A stern tone might convey disappointment, while an upbeat tone signals reward and praise.


While Border Collies might not be “verbal” in the traditional sense of speaking words, their communication skills are nothing short of remarkable. 

Through a combination of vocalizations, body language, gestures, and a keen understanding of human language, these dogs prove that effective communication goes beyond mere words. 

Their ability to convey their needs, emotions, and intentions in various ways makes them not only exceptional herders but also extraordinary companions. So, the next time your Border Collie tilts its head, wags its tail, or lets out a playful bark, remember that it’s their unique way of being “verbal” in a language all their own.